This May 14, 2017, photo distributed by the North Korean government shows the "Hwasong-12", a new type of ballistic missile at an undisclosed location in North Korea.
Aside from Pyongyang's space launches, Dr Jeffrey Lewis of the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in the United States told AFP: "This is the longest-range missile North Korea has ever tested".
Last week, it demanded that the South hand over its spy chief.
North Korea tested a Hwasong-12 medium long-range ballistic missile Sunday.
In the wake of North Korea's medium-range missile launch into the Sea of Japan on Saturday, the UNSC slammed the self-isolated country for "highly destabilizing behavior and flagrant and provocative defiance" it displays by turning a blind eye to multiple United Nations resolutions expressly prohibiting it from attempting such actions.
"The members of the Security Council agreed that the Security Council would continue to closely monitor the situation and take further significant measures including sanctions, in line with the Council's previously expressed determination", the statement read.
The statement came after North Korea test-fired a ballistic missile early Sunday, prompting Seoul's new leader, Moon Jae-in, to convene an emergency security meeting.
To solve this reverse-decoupling problem, the USA would do well to start dealing with North Korea as if it was already in possession of an ICBM.
The missile flew 787 kilometres on a trajectory reaching an altitude of 2,111.5 kilometres, the North's KCNA news agency said. The missile North Korea tested Sunday was a surface-to-surface missile.
Yesterday the United Nations Security Council condemned North Korea's recent missile tests. The council said that launches by North Korea reveal development in nuclear weapons delivery systems, which were increasing tensions around the world.
U.S. President Donald Trump's administration has called for an immediate halt to Pyongyang's provocations and has warned that the "era of strategic patience" with North Korea is over.
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Chung has just won a seat on the Federation Internationale de Football Association council, becoming the first South Korean since 2001 to get on the board which makes all the key decisions. However, South Korea downplayed the progress.
"I'm not going to talk about various policy options that we may or may not consider, but I will say this: we are certainly engaged right now in looking at a number of measures - political, economic, security - to deal with these provocative acts by the DPRK, and risky acts in many cases", he said.
The test also immediately closed the space for maneuvering for US -allied South Korea's new president, who favors engaging North Korea.
Dialogue would be possible "only if the North changes its attitude", he said.
The country's dictator Kim Jong Un is warning (he's done it before) that the country is well on its way to striking the US mainland and military bases throughout the Pacific Ocean.
Nikki Haley, the USA ambassador to the United Nations, told ABC's "This Week" that "having a missile test is not the way to sit down with the president, because he's absolutely not going to do it". "Having a missile test is not the way to sit down with the president, because he's absolutely not going to do it", she told ABC.
The US Pacific Command, based in Hawaii, confirmed the rocket launch but said the unidentified projectile did not appear to be large enough to be an intercontinental ballistic missile, saying only that the launch did not pose a threat to North America.
Japanese officials say the missile flew for about 30 minutes, traveling about 800 kilometers (500 miles) and reaching an altitude of 2,000 kilometers (1,240 miles).
"North Korea's latest successful missile test represents a level of performance never before seen from a North Korean missile", Washington-based monitoring project, 38 North, said in an analysis issued on Sunday.
The White House, in a statement, said that North Korea has been "a flagrant menace for far too long". To underscore that point, North Korea's ambassador to China made clear on Monday that his country has no intention of stopping its work.