India launches its heaviest rocket into space

The GSAT-19 and GSAT-11 satellites will likely carry Indian astronauts in the future

Triumphing over trials, Isro ready for giant leap

Chairman A S Kiran Kumar said it "is a historic day" and the the Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark-III (MkIII D-1) has successfully demonstrated its capabilities with the injection of GSAT-19 into the desired orbit.

The GSAT-18 satellite launched in 2016 using Arianespace's rocket weighed 3,404 kg which is well within the GSLV-Mk III's capacity. Soon, after its lift-off, it was claimed that the launch of ISRO GSLV Mark III carrying GSAT-19 communication satellite was successful. Weighing more than 200 full-grown Asian elephants, this would be ISRO's heaviest-ever rocket launch.

The space agency tested a less-developed version of the rocket in December 2014 while the cryogenic engine was still in the testing phase.

Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi has congratulated the space scientists. The statement from ISRO stated that the rocket will carry GSAT-19, which is 3,136 kgs in weight.

After the flight of 16 minutes, the rocket will put the GSAT-19 rocket into the designated orbit, which will have a perigee of 170km and apogee of 35,975km.

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The first Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle Mark III rocket launches from India's Satish Dhawan Space Center Centre in Sriharikota on June 5, 2017. "The payload will be gradually increased in future flights", Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre Director K. Sivan was quotes as saying by a news agency. The rocket is 43.39 metre in height which is roughly the height of a 12-storey building. Only the US, Russia, China, Japan and the European Space Agency have achieved this feat.

The Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) was India's third generation launch vehicles, and the first to be powered by liquid stages.

The Indian Space Research Organisation (Isro) has now demonstrated its mastery in developing a cryogenic engine, a technology denied to it years ago. The satellite contains 50 new technologies which will be its mainstay in the next decade.

The communication satellite GSAT-19 weighs 3136 kilogram during lift off and its intended mission life is ten years. As said by ISRO, the introduction of the new communication satellite will allow India to beam down 6-7 times more data with maximum speed and superiority. It has been coupled with several other payloads, including a Geostationary Radiation Spectrometer (GRASP) to analyze the nature of charged particles and the influence of space radiation of electronic components.

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