Marijuana use triples risk for hypertensive death

Results found marijuana use is more dangerous for heart health than smoking cigarettes

Results found marijuana use is more dangerous for heart health than smoking cigarettes

For each year of marijuana use, the HR was 1.04 (95% CI, 1-1.07).

Marijuana can also function as a pain reliever that's helpful for those who can't use opioid painkillers.

According to Barbara A Yankey, the lead author and a PhD student in the School of Public Health, Georgia State University, Atlanta, various steps had been taken in the U.S towards the legalisation and decriminalisation of marijuana and as a result, there might occur a considerable rise in the rates of use of recreational marijuana. "I think the major limit of the study is that there may be unobserved differences between the people who used and admitted to using marijuana during the years of this study, and cardiovascular outcomes that the researchers did not adjust for". The study also revealed marijuana users have a 3.42 times higher risk of a high blood pressure-related death than non-users.

Cardiovascular diseases constitute the leading cause of death worldwide, despite a lot of them being preventable. "However, there is little research on the impact of marijuana use on cardiovascular and cerebrovascular mortality". It included 1,213 participants aged 20 years and above. Participants reported the age when they first tried marijuana, and this was subtracted from their current age to calculate the duration of use. It determined that pot use was more associated with hypertension than cigarette use was.

Yankey and colleagues estimated HRs for hypertension, heart disease and cerebrovascular mortality as a result of marijuana use by conducting Cox proportional hazard regression analyses. In 2005-2006, participants were asked if they had ever used marijuana.

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Recent studies show that roughly 50 percent of USA adults have tried marijuana at least once, but only 12 percent are current consumers of cannabis.

"We found higher estimated cardiovascular risks associated with marijuana use than cigarette smoking", Ms. Yankey concluded. The question of what it does to the heart needs to be addressed as more and more people around the world use it. With the impending increase in recreational marijuana use it is important to establish whether any health benefits outweigh the potential health, social and economic risks. This study attempted to work out the risk of various heart diseases from smoking marijuana, but its findings are far from definite.

The European Society of Cardiology published research that says people who have used marijuana could be more than three times as likely to die from hypertension, also known as high blood pressure.

This risk increases by more than one time for every year of cannabis use, a study found.

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