The joint efforts of Russia, Turkey and Iran on a settlement of the Syrian conflict are paying off, as the level of violence has decreased in the country, Vladimir Putin said after meeting with Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan in Sochi.
Putin opened Monday's meeting at Russia's Black Sea resort of Sochi by saying that relations Moscow and Ankara have been "restored practically in full".
Turkey sent troops into Idlib province last month to monitor truce there under a deal reached with Russian Federation and Iran.
"If a military solution [in Syria] is out of the question, then those who say this [Russia and the US] should pull their troops out ... and steps for a political solution should be taken", he said. It is expected that the two leaders will exchange opinions on regional and global issues, including the joint fight against terrorism and the Syrian peace settlement.
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The US-backed coalition led by Saudi Arabia has been at war in with the Shiite rebels known as Houthis since March 2015. The Saudi closure had drawn worldwide condemnation and fears of a worsening humanitarian disaster in Yemen.
Putin said the meetings with Turkey, including those about the Syrian crisis, had a "positive" effect.
Trade between the two nations increased by more than a third during the first nine months of this year after a sharp decline in 2016, the Russian leader said.
"Russia and the U.S. must withdraw their forces if the military solution was indeed not on the table", he added.