She was born in Zanzibar in 1954 and is Professor of Contemporary Art at the University of Central Lancashire, in Preston. The prize, awarded by Tate in England, comes with £25,000 (about $33,500).
THE victor of the Turner Prize, the oft controversial annual art award, is also its oldest to date: the artist Lubaina Himid. Himid was chosen ahead of Hurvin Anderson, Andrea Büttner and Rosalind Nashashibi, who each took home £5,000. Taking place inside Hull Minster and shown live on the BBC, the broadcast partner for the prize, guaranteeing everyone will have a front row seat for the event.
This year the organisers of the the prize, the Tate, lifted the age restriction on the prize, which had previously been set at 50.
Himid, 63, is the oldest artist to win the award so far.
The jury for the prize comprised Dan Fox, a co-editor of Frieze magazine; critic Martin Herbert; Mason Leaver-Yap, a moving-image scholar at the Walker Art Center and an associate curator at the KW Institute for Contemporary Art; and Emily Pethick, the director of the Showroom gallery. She is now based in Preston, England; her work primarily addresses racial politics and the representation of black people in art.
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The works of all four shortlisted artists are on display at Ferens Art Gallery in Hull, the former industrial city which is now a City of Culture.
Speaking about the age limit being increased before the victor was announced Alex Farquharson, director of Tate Britain and chairman of the jury, said: "The Turner Prize has always championed emerging artists - it has never been a prize for long service but for a memorable presentation of work in that year". Established in 1984, the annual award is aimed at UK-based artists who have had an outstanding exhibition in the previous year.
Tuesday night was a historical moment for the world of contemporary art.
Himid won the prize for three shows in Oxford, Bristol and Nottingham.
Since the 1980s, Himid has focused on a range of subjects related to race, from matters of the African diaspora to the visibility of black artists in museums. In works such as these, the artist appropriates and interrogates European painters and combines aspects of her African heritage to question the role of visual power.