Though Russian Olympians will not be allowed to compete under their flag, Putin said that he will not prevent athletes from competing in a "personal capacity" in the upcoming Winter Games in Pyeongchang, South Korea.
Without identifying Rodchenkov by name, Putin said the IOC's decision had been "mainly based on the testimonies of a person whose moral and ethical attitudes and psychological state raise many questions". Russian officials have threatened to boycott the Pyeongchang Games if its team members are forced to compete under the Olympic flag.
The IOC also made a decision to suspend Russian Olympic Committee (ROC) president Alexander Zhukov as an IOC member, while Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko, sports minister at the time of the Sochi Games, was also banned from any future participation at the Olympics.
In the weeks ahead of Tuesday's International Olympic Committee decision, more than 20 Russian athletes who competed at the 2014 Sochi Games were banned for life from the Olympics for having allegedly violated anti-doping rules. The South Korean-born skating legend, is an eight-time gold medalist who obtained Russian citizenship in 2011, after a public falling out with South Korea's skating union.
Travis Tygart CEO of the United States Anti-Doping Agency said: "Over the past three years, a high stakes game of chicken has been played between those willing to sacrifice the Olympic ideals by employing a state-directed doping program to cheat to win and, on the other side, athletes unwilling to stand silent while their hopes and dreams were stolen and the Olympic Games hijacked". Putin himself had suggested it would be "humiliation" for Russian athletes to compete without their national symbols.
"As an athlete myself, I'm feeling very sorry for all the clean athletes", Bach said.
International Olympic Committee (IOC) President Thomas Bach speaks.
USA flies supersonic heavy bomber over Korean Peninsula
But another view is that the military exercises that China has conducted in response may be raising tensions, too. This was consistent with an announcement made the day before on the Air Force's official Weibo microblog.
Ahead of the IOC's decision, NPR's Lucian Kim visited Moscow's famous Gorky Park to hear what Russians are making of the claims against their country in some of its most revered sports.
Russian Federation on Wednesday reacted with disappointment but no great surprise after the country was banned from the Winter Olympic Games.
It said the athletes had asked CAS to rule before the start of the February 9-25 Pyeongchang Olympics in South Korea.
Mutko was the Russian Sports Minister during the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, Russia, in which the hosts were accused of manipulating doping samples to cover up cheating by their athletes. But, Walden said Rodchenkov remains fearful for his friends and family who are still in Russian Federation.
The IOC stripped 29 weightlifting medals after 49 positive tests, most involving steroids, came back from reanalysis of the 2008 Beijing and 2012 London Olympics.
The IOC says the OAR team will be picked by a panel of anti-doping and medical officials from various organizations.
Whether or not they compete under their own flag, ski jumping and Nordic combined seem unlikely to result in any medals for Russians.