Khorana is known as a scientist who revolutionised biochemistry with his pioneering work in DNA chemistry.
Har Gobind Khorana's interest in science began as a young boy under a tree in a small Indian village and lead to helping to decipher the genetic code.
The internet search engine and technology giant Google marks Noble prize victor Indian American scientist Har Gobind Khorana's 96th birth anniversary with a sketch doodle. Thankfully, his father encouraged him in following his dream and getting education. In 1952, Khorana started his research on DNA at the University of British Columbia. Khurana, an alumni of University of Liverpool and University of Cambridge, also studied at the University of Punjab.
The Nobel Prize was awarded for the scientists' discovery that the order of nucleotides in our DNA that finds out which amino acids are built. Dr. Khorana's research work on this field was centered on constructing different RNA chains with the aid of enzymes. These amino acids form proteins, which carry out essential cell functions. In the 1950s, it was well-known that genetic information is transferred from DNA to Ribonucleic acid (RNA), to protein.
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Dr Khorana went to America to become its naturalized citizen and received the National Medal of Science.
Dr. Khorana is also credited for the construction of the first artificial gene in 1972.
The pioneering Indian American biochemist died of natural causes in Concord, Massachusetts on November 9, 2011.