Potential Tests For Autism Using Blood And Urine Developed

European scientists have taken the first steps towards finding a blood test for Autism. FOX 47 News

European scientists have taken the first steps towards finding a blood test for Autism. FOX 47 News

Worldwide researchers believe that their new blood and urine tests which search for damage to proteins are the first of their kind to detect early autism spectrum disorders... They noted that children with autism typically had higher levels of protein damage in their blood plasma that raised their risk of autism. This link then formed the next step for the development of the blood and urine tests, which search for the damage to proteins.

Autism affects behavior and social interaction in particular, but it is hard to diagnose before age two, and the diagnosis is often delayed for many years.

"Our discovery could lead to earlier diagnosis and intervention", Dr Naila Rabbani, the leader of the study, said in a statement. Dr. Rabbani hopes that further testing will reveal more potentially damaging compounds, which will help "improve diagnosis of ASD and point the way to new causes". Now the only way to diagnose the condition is through behavioral assessments, and most children aren't identified as autistic until after the age of four.

The results from the study titled, "Advanced glycation endproducts, dityrosine and arginine transporter dysfunction in autism - a source of biomarkers for clinical diagnosis", was published in the latest issue of the Molecular Autism Journal this Monday (19th February 2018). "Then the tests will be ready for screening." she added.

Figures from the Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring or ADDM Network of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention show that about one in 68 children has been identified to have ASD.

Currently, there is no test to identify ASD, which the NHS describes as "a range of similar conditions, including Asperger syndrome, that affect a person's social interaction, communication, interests and behaviour".

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Their study included a group of children with, and without, Autism.

They say the tests have the potential to diagnose ASD in the early stages of life. "This delay means that children with an ASD might not get the help they need". Genetic factors have been found to account for 30-35% of cases of ASD and the remaining 65-70% can be explained by a combination environmental factors, multiple mutations, and rare genetic variants.

The tests themselves rely on differentiating chemical properties from the subjects using Artificial Intelligence, Futurism notes.

This study may give us clues about why autistic people are different but it does not provide a new method for diagnosis.

"This study does not disclose to us how successfully this measure can separate amongst autism and other neurodevelopmental or emotional well-being conditions, for example, ADHD and tension".

In particular, Cusack pointed to the very small sample size used in the study.

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