Three days after U.S. secretary of state Mike Pompeo delivered America's extensive list of demands of Iran for a new nuclear agreement, Ayatollah Khamenei laid out his own demands of European countries for Iran to stay in the 2015 deal.
Nations that remain in the deal - Britain, China, France, Germany and Russian Federation - held a formal meeting on Friday without the United States for the first time since Trump's announcement, but diplomats saw limited scope for salvaging the agreement.
Iran's supreme leader has threatened to pull his country out of the nuclear deal and resume enriching uranium if European countries do not promise to buy Iranian oil and to oppose all new USA sanctions against Tehran.
He demanded Iran make sweeping changes - from dropping its nuclear program to pulling out of the Syrian war - or face severe economic sanctions as the Trump administration hardened its approach to Tehran.
The United States demanded on Monday that Iran tear down the chief tenets of its foreign policy and vowed to enact the "strongest sanctions in history" on Tehran if it does not negotiate a new bargain with Washington to replace the 2015 nuclear deal.
"We got the sense that Europeans, Russia and China. are serious and they recognise that JCPOA's survival depends on the interests of Iran being respected", Araghchi added.
Mr Pompeo said the USA would inflict the "strongest sanctions in history" on Iran unless it agreed to 12 American demands, including withdrawing from Syria and halting its funding of militant groups like Hizbollah and Hamas.
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Iranian officials are expected to carefully scrutinize the package of measures European Union officials have cobbled together to try to counter the USA sanctions. Ahead of the USA exit, French President Emmanuel Macron said two pillars of its policy going forward include addressing Iran's ballistic missile program and its role in Middle East conflicts.
The 2015 accord rests on lifting sanctions and allowing business with Iran in exchange for Tehran curbing its nuclear program.
"The Agency. has conducted complementary accesses under the Additional Protocol to all the sites and locations in Iran which it needed to visit", the IAEA said in a confidential report that was sent to member states and seen by Reuters.
The European powers were expected to highlight EU efforts to legally shield European companies that have established ties with Iran from the USA sanctions so they can continue doing business in Iran.
"To be honest with you, we are not confident", one senior Iranian official said earlier, adding that Tehran wanted European powers to present it with a package of measures "by the end of May".
Today the German Chancellor and the Chinese President to discuss the possibility of saving the nuclear deal.
"We believe Iran's economy is attractive enough to bring companies and banks and businesses into Iran", he said.