Virginia Apgar: Google Doodle celebrates doctor who PIONEERED life-saving treatment

Google Doodle

Google Doodle celebrates 109th birthday of Dr Virgini..e Apgar Score for summarising the health of a newborn

Once she finished her undergraduate degree, she went on to Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons.

She realized that, despite the fact that the infant mortality rate was decreasing overall in the U.S., many newborns were still dying within 24 hours of birth.

Apgar was encouraged to study anesthesiology and became interested in the field of obstetrical anesthesia where she would make her greatest contributions.

Virginia Apgar became the first female anaesthesiologist, a physician, dentist or nurse trained in anesthesia and perioperative medicine, treating the newborn babies with the required medical attention.

In her honor and on her 109th birth anniversary the search giant Google honored her with a Google doodle.

She then trained at the nation's first department of anesthesia at the University of Wisconsin-Madison and interned at Bellevue Hospital in NY.

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Born on June 7, 1909, in Westfield, New Jersey to a father who was an insurance executive but had an interest in invention and astronomy, Virginia was also encouraged to take an interest in science.

'Compiled scores for each newborn can range between 0 and 10, with 10 being the best possible condition for a newborn.

Dr. Apgar became interested in the field of medicine after several of her family members developed serious health problem. A= Appearance (skin colour), P= Pulse (heart rate), G= Grimace (reflex irritability), A=Activity (muscle tone), and R=Respiration. As an obstetric anesthesiologist, she was able to document trends that could distinguish healthy infants from infants in trouble. The scores then should be given to a newborn after one minute of birth, and additional scores could be given in five-minute increments to guide treatment if the newborn's condition did not sufficiently improve'.

Thursday's Google Doodle appeared for internet users in the United States, as well as Japan, India, Israel, Chile, Argentina, Australia and several European nations.

A score of 7 and above is what the doctor would be hoping for and regard as normal, with 4 to 6 being quite low. She also co-wrote a book, Is My Baby All Right? with author Joan Beck in 1973.

Virginia, who never married, died of cirrhosis of the liver on August 7, 1974, at Columbia-Presbyterian Medical Center.

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