World number one Rafael Nadal breezed into the second round with a 6-3, 6-3, 6-2 win over Israel's Dudi Sela as the Spaniard returned to action for the first time since claiming his 11th French Open title.
It was also her first appearance on grass in that time, having pulled out of competing in Birmingham last month.
He takes on American qualifier Bradley Klahn while Konta faces a potentially tricky clash with former Australian Open finalist Dominika Cibulkova, with both matches on Centre Court. So, I make a promise that I going to be very patient and I going to try to break it again for the other side.
Vikhlyantseva, 21, is a talented but inconsistent player with only one grand slam event win to her name, yet she still managed to give the 22nd seed plenty of problems. She went for her shots, served with pace and variety and played big points apparently without nerves.
British hopeful Katie Swan is getting more confident at her ability to compete at the highest level following her Wimbledon experience, which came to an end on Wednesday.
"It was a great match for me to have".
"When I was kind of younger, I played better in the grand slams than the other tournaments". In his last three tournaments, Chardy won one title, reached a final and advanced to the semifinals.
Sharapova was one game away from victory when she led by a set and 5-2 against the 27-year-old.
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"When I didn't really put the pressure on her, she could just do whatever she wanted".
Maria Sharapova suffered her first opening-round Wimbledon defeat and earliest Grand Slam exit in eight years on Tuesday when she was shocked by fellow Russian Vitalia Diatchenko, the world number 132.
"Practising here last week, I was playing every day with top 100, top 50 players, and I haven't had that for the previous year", said Swan. "But some players have won a few matches and didn't come through today, some haven't played matches and have gone through". Whether she can repeat that success again this year, remains to be seen.
The 2004 Wimbledon champion won the first set on a tie-break and was a game away in the second - leading 5-2 - from passage into round two.
The 36-year-old broke the record for straight Slams which was previously held by Roger Federer. The Romanian got off to a good start by dispatching Japan's Kurumi Nara 6-2 6-4.
After another first round loss in Paris, Konta made a reasonable start to the grass court season.
The latter four all produced creditable performances, with Clarke distraught to lose to Ernests Gulbis in five sets, Taylor going down in three to Eugenie Bouchard, Dunne having set points to take Jelena Ostapenko to a decider and Broady losing 6-2 7-5 to reigning champion Garbine Muguruza.
The world's No. 87 Victoria Azarenka battled past 7-6 (4), 6-3 Russia's Ekaterina Alexandrova in the first round and will play Czech Karolina Pliskova (8) in the second. She did reach the final of the Nature Valley Open in Nottingham earlier this month, suffering a controversial defeat to Ashleigh Barty 6-3 3-6 6-4.