He was said to be the leading contender in the days after Justice Anthony M. Kennedy announced his retirement.
Kavanaugh is closely associated with the George W. Bush administration, for which he served as staff secretary before winning Senate confirmation to the D.C. Circuit Court of Appeals in 2006. Some conservative activists have questioned whether he would rule sufficiently aggressively as a justice.
Sen. Roy Blunt (R-Mo.) told NBC's "Meet the Press" that the Senate will be able to confirm Barrett, Hardiman, Kavanaugh, or Kethledge, but said picking a candidate who can be confirmed quickly is important. "A judge must be independent and must interpret the law, not make the law".
"I was lucky. My mum was a teacher in the 1960s and 1970s, she taught history at two largely African American public high schools in Washington DC, McKinlay Tech and HD Woodson", Judge Kavanaugh said.
Barrett clerked for Scalia and earned high praise from conservatives for her answers about her Catholic faith at a Senate confirmation hearing previous year.
He also worked for Kenneth Starr, the independent counsel who investigated then president Bill Clinton but in 2009 he was reported as saying that presidents should be free from civil lawsuits, criminal prosecutions and investigations while in office.
In a 2013 law review article, Kavanaugh wrote that after seeing firsthand the many hard duties that a president encounters, he thinks that presidents should operate free from the threat of civil suits, such as the sexual harassment suit that led to President Clinton's impeachment, and that presidents should also be free from criminal investigations.
Leonard Leo, a former vice president of the Federalist Society who has advised Trump on judicial nominations, said his goal "has always been to find people to serve on the court who believe in the constitution as it's written".
FiveThirtyEight, July 2018 - FiveThirtyEight draws on a tool to measure judicial ideology developed by legal scholars and political scientists to assess Kavanaugh's potential effect on the Supreme Court's jurisprudential makeup.
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His appointment will not change the ideological tilt of a court that already has a 5-4 conservative majority, but he could nevertheless shift the bench further right. If confirmed, Kavanaugh is likely to be a reliable conservative vote who could weaken or imperil abortion rights, beef up support on the court for capital punishment and clamp down on the power of regulatory agencies.
"Republicans are holding four lottery tickets, and all of them are winners", Mr.
Republicans hold 51 seats in the Senate, though Arizona Sen.
The White House invited a number of senators to attend the Monday night announcement.
On Monday, Trump phoned Justice Anthony Kennedy to inform him that his former law clerk would be nominated to fill his seat. Several of his opinions were dissents that eventually were vindicated when Supreme Court majorities saw the issue the same way he did.
Leo said Hardiman of Pennsylvania and Kethledge of MI are "a little bit less known by conservatives".
"I've never seen a president of the United States, in effect, make himself a puppet of outside groups and choose from a group of right-wing fringe ideologues that are prepared on this list", Blumenthal said on ABC's "This Week" on Sunday. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell also received a heads-up from the president. He has ruled against voting rights. Trump has been struggling with Kavanaugh's association with the Bush family, however, an issue the Post calls the "Bush factor". Whatever they decide will upset a large group of voters in their home states.
Trump could yet have further opportunities to move to the court to the right.
He has joined with Justices Ruth Bader Ginsburg, Stephen Breyer and Samuel Alito to serve as judges in mock trials to benefit the Shakespeare Theatre Company. Fellow liberal Stephen Breyer turns 80 next month. Both are conservative jurists in the mold of Trump's previous Supreme Court pick, Gorsuch.