The ministry also said that the USA measures violated the World Trade Organization rules and damaged China's interests.
China's proposed import tax is the latest in a tit-for-tat trade war between the two countries, which started in March when Trump signed a presidential order imposing tariffs on at least $50 billion in Chinese goods.
Beijing plans to impose an additional 5% in tariffs on about 600 kinds of products including planes and computers, another 10% on nearly 1 000 products including wigs and textiles, an extra 20% on more than 1 000 items including some chemicals, cookers and paper, and an additional 25% on over 2 400 products such as meat, wheat, wine and LNG, according to the statement.
The last time China was hit hard by growth fears, the shock waves rattled financial markets around the world, including in the U.S. In August 2015, the People's Bank of China stunned investors by lowering its target level for the yuan against the dollar, triggering a global selloff in stocks.
Trump has threatened to slap tariffs on virtually all of China's exports to the United States. It said the retaliatory duties of 25 percent, 20 percent, 10 percent or 5 percent on 5,207 products will be imposed "if the USA side persists in putting its tariff measures into effect".
China's finance ministry unveiled new sets of additional tariffs on 5,207 goods imported from the United States, ranging from 5 to 25 per cent.
U.S. President Donald Trump earlier proposed 10 per cent tariffs on an additional $200 billion of Chinese imports. The list of products includes a variety of agricultural goods such as beef, as well as small planes, chemical components, textiles and liquefied natural gas.
China’s Huawei surpasses Apple in smartphone sales
Huawei replaced Apple as the second largest vendor by shipping 54.2 million units and capturing 15.8% market share. The top three brands, Apple , Samsung , and OnePlus, held 95% of the Indian premium smartphone segment in Q1 2018.
The Chinese commerce ministry blamed the United States for escalating the situation. The next round of tariffs on mutual imports worth $16 billion could come into force on Friday.
Washington and Beijing are locked in battle over American accusations that China's export economy benefits from unfair policies and subsidies, as well as theft of American technological know-how. LNG's inclusion marks a deployment by Beijing of one of its last major weapons from its energy and commodities arsenal in its fight with Washington.
The latest Chinese response shows the limits of Beijing's ability to hit back at Washington dollar for dollar, given that China's exports to the United States far exceed its USA imports.
"Some of the currency fall though I think is just money leaving China because it's a lousy investment, and if that continues that will really damage the Chinese economy", Kudlow said in a Bloomberg Television interview Friday with Jonathan Ferro.
Morgan Stanley has estimated annual Chinese imports of U.S. LNG could rise to as much as $9 billion within two or three years, from $1 billion in 2017.
Other U.S. goods targeted by China in the latest list include semiconductors, some helicopters, small-to-mid-sized aircraft, condoms, iron ore, steel products, roasted coffee, sugar, foods containing chocolate, candies, and even vehicle windscreens. The deficit in goods trade with China also rose.