Humanity has sent dozens of probes to the near side of the moon, however, Chang'e 4 is the first spacecraft to reach the far side, which is more hard due to communication problems stemming from the fact that an entire relay system is necessary in order to pass messages to mission control. Now, on Friday, January 11, the team behind Chang'e 4 mission has shared images back to earth through a special relay satellite.
Chinese astronomers have made a preliminary analysis of the terrain and landform surrounding the location of the probe and its Yutu rover, now near the Von Karman Crater in the South Pole-Aitken Basin.
The panoramic view of the far side of the Moon captured by the Change'e 4 lander.
Scientists have said the far side is a key area for solving several unknowns about the moon, including its internal structure and thermal evolution.
"The No. 4 mission is the first mission of the fourth phase of China's lunar exploration project", CNSA said in the press release.
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A video of the latest mission's landing - produced using more than 4,700 pictures taken by a camera on the probe - showed a "thicker layer of dust" offering "strong evidence" that its landing area is much older than the site where China's previous rover landed, Li said.
The stunning 360-degree panoramic photos, taken by a camera mounted on the top of the lunar lander, were relayed to the China National Space Administration (CNSA) on Thursday.
The deepest region on the moon, with a depth of 9,100 meters (5.7 miles), is about 700 kilometers (435 miles) to the south of the probe, Li said.
We Earthlings only ever get to glimpse one face of the Moon since the satellite is tidal locked to our planet.
Now that Chang'e 4 snapped some footage, CNSA aims to conduct low-frequency radio astronomical observation, surveys of moon landforms, measure neutron radiation, and detect mineral composition.