Measles is usually introduced into the United States by unvaccinated individuals who develop into contaminated in different worldwide locations, the CDC says.
Many people have rushed to vaccinate themselves and their children since the Vancouver-area outbreak started at the beginning of the year.
Health Secretary Francisco Duque issued a statement explaining the government is officially "declaring an outbreak as cases have increased in the past weeks and to strengthen surveillance of new cases and alert mothers and caregivers to be more vigilant".
Georgia is one of 17 states that allows non-medical exemptions from vaccination requirements for going to school, according to the National Conference of State Legislatures. A quarter of the kindergartners in one Washington county now battling an outbreak are not vaccinated, the publication says.
An uptick in measles cases in any given year can be caused by global travelers who bring the virus back to the U.S. Measles also can spread quickly in areas with "pockets of unvaccinated people", the CDC says.
"We do like to see immunization rates as high as possible".
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"He honestly just said that I am old enough to make my own medical decisions". "The fact that I work in a doctor's office has allowed me to really become educated on the myths and truths about vaccines". Back in 2015, the state garnered the dubious distinction of having the first measles death in the United States in 12 years. According to the World Health Organization, there were more than 20,000 reported measles cases in the Philippines as of December 2018-a 500 percent increase on the previous year.
One dose of the vaccine brings a person to 93 percent immunity. Measles is included in a combination vaccine with mumps and rubella, called the MMR vaccine.
The surge in cases is "not surprising" given the rise of anti-vaccine activism and a recent importation of cases from outside the country, says Dr. Jeanne Marrazzo, who heads the Division of Infectious Diseases at the University of Alabama at Birmingham.
Several news outlets have reported that unvaccinated teens are taking to Reddit to ask adults for advice on how they can get the shots without their parents knowing.
In southwest Washington state, almost one in four kindergartners didn't get all their immunizations previous year. Eventually, she was vaccinated for "everything", she said, but did not mention at which age she was able to have the shots administered.
"For 16 years I haven't received any vaccinations", Ethan Lindenberger told KTLA sister station WJW. on Monday.
Caroline Radnofsky is a London-based reporter for NBC News.